The lower-case letters written beside Roman Capitals are known as the Foundational Hand. We need to study the Foundational Hand proportions before we pick up a calligraphy pen and make a start with some sample sheets. You will produce much better letterforms by learning the structure and proportions of each letter.
After studying the proportions of the Foundational Hand letters, we are ready to start writing the letters. Each letter is constructed rather than written. The letters are made up of a combination of pen strokes. The order and direction of the pen strokes is important. The pen is never pushed up.