Copperplate Minuscules – The Basic Strokes

Letter Proportion The proportions of the minuscule letters and the angle of slope are the two essential visual components of Copperplate minuscule. Copperplate has a standard relationship between the ascender, x-height and descender parts of the minuscule letters.  In general the relationship is expressed as 3:2:3 (ascender = 3, x-height = 2, descender = 3).…

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Foundational Hand – Order and Direction

After studying the proportions of the Foundational Hand letters, the next step is to start writing the letters. Each letter is constructed rather than written. The letters are made up of a combination of pen strokes, which are only made in a top – down or left – right direction. The pen is never pushed…

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Foundational Hand – Proportions

After studying Roman Capitals, next on the list is the Foundational Hand, sometimes called Roman Minuscules. The Foundational Hand are the lower-case letters written beside Roman Capitals. As with the Roman Capitals we need to study the proportion of the letters before we pick up a calligraphy pen and make a start with some sample…

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Numbers

Numbers follow the characteristics of the main script. So, they should be sloped and based on an oval shape when written with Italics and round in shape and upright when written with Roman Capitals. Numbers can be either ranged or non-ranged. Ranged numbers are typically used with Capital letters where there are no ascenders and…

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