How to Rule-Up

Does anybody like ruling-up? Not many people do, but these tips will help make light work of this important activity. Accuracy is most important Time taken to accurately rule up will save a great deal of frustration later on. Ruling up needs to be accurate and consistent. Calligraphers spend time ruling-up the roughs, only to…

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The X-Height Calculator

Conventionally, when a calligrapher uses an edged-pen for writing, the nib size and number of nib widths determine the body height of the letters. The height is generally known as the x-height, because it is the height of the letter x. To measure the x-height the nib edge is kept vertical whilst accurately making horizontal…

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